The cathedral of St. Mark represents the symbol of Venice and the venetian art. The fully decorated facade fills the huge square together with its tower bell and the doge’s palace. The first church dedicated to st. Mark was built in the first century, then substituted with another one that was located on the same spot on this basilica, but that was destroyed by a fire. After reconstructions and restorations during the centuries, the basilica assumed the aspect that shows now. It was consecrated during the II century, when the remains of st. Mark were put within the church.
The basilica shows many part in marble, in its facade and in its interior, because after the conquest of Constantinopolis the raw material was brought in bulk to Venice. The marble pavement is richly decorated with geometrical shapes and animals. The greek cross has five big doms located over its arms. In the central nave, under the altar there is a chapel that contains the remains of st. Mark. The facade is divided in three sections: the lower, the balconies and the doms. It is decorated with mosaics and bas- relief, while the doors show an arabic inspiration. The various lunettes in a gold background represent different scenes, as for example the Last Judgment in the central one. The facade results suntuosos and can be considered a mix of byzantine and venetian architecture.