The cathedral of Santa Maria Del Fiore is the symbol of Florence and one of the main churches in Italy. The cathedral overlooks the square and shares the stage with the Baptistery and the Campanile. The church’s construction was finished in the XV century and saw the collaboration of many important artists such as Giotto who designed the bell tower with Andrea Pisano, and Filippo Brunelleschi who designed the dome of the church. The cathedral was built on the site of a previous church, Santa Reparata, and its structure forms a Latin cross featuring a wide central nave and two aisles.
The main peculiarity of the cathedral is the dome which reaches about 116 metres and is made of bricks; it features an octagonal shape with a wider outer dome and a smaller inner one decorated by beautiful paintings. The facade of the cathedral was only done in the 19th century in neo-gothic style using white, green and red marble.